Today there are approximately 7.8 billion people (as of December 2019) living on planet earth. This number is growing every day at an alarming rate. We will need more food, clothing, housing, and transport vehicles in order to survive in this planet. As a result, we will exploit natural resources to get water, oil, wood, metals, and other minerals.
A few days ago, I visited a very big mall in Surabaya city of Indonesia. I saw various kinds of products that were offered by vendors in the mall. There are restaurants that sell foods of Chinese, Japanese, Western and Indonesian cuisines. There are also stores that offer clothes, leather goods, footwear, toys, tools, furniture, jewelry, and smartphones, watches and everything that we use every day.
|A Shopping Center|
Because our needs of food is high, we tend to harvest them directly from nature. Wild boars, snakes, fruit bats, and other wild animals from the forest are hunted on daily basis. At see giant fishing vessels, using trawl nets, catch huge amount of fish. In certains regions, we have over harvested our natural resources. We destroy the biodiversity.
|Traditional Market that sells hunted animals|
To supply all our needs, we tend to open more land for agriculture (meaning that more heterogenous forests are being cut to make way for monoculture farming) in order to produce rice, meat, egg, cooking oil, sugar, tea, coffee, cacao beans, and other commodities. We cut mountains and dig our soil to extract minerals. We deliberately destroy our environment.
For the reason of economy of scale, we cut trees from tropical rainforest in Indonesia and Malaysia to introduce sawit palm, cocoa plants, coffee seedlings, and rubber trees. These are not native plants from South-East Asia.
From our use of the above products and materials, we release plastics, and other non-biodegradable wastes into our environment. They become polutants to our lands, rivers, and oceans.
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