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Showing posts from December, 2019

World Population and Over Exploitation of Natural Resourses

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Rapid Growth of Human Population Today there are approximately 7.8 billion people (as of December 2019) living on planet earth. This number is growing every day at an alarming rate. We will need more food, clothing, housing, and transport vehicles in order to survive in this planet. As a result, we will exploit natural resources to get water, oil, wood, metals, and other minerals. A few days ago, I visited a very big mall in Surabaya city of Indonesia. I saw various kinds of products that were offered by vendors in the mall. There are restaurants that sell foods of Chinese, Japanese, Western and Indonesian cuisines.  There are also stores that offer clothes, leather goods, footwear, toys, tools, furniture, jewelry, and smartphones, watches and everything that we use every day. A Shopping Center

Di ITC Mall Natal Dirayakan Dengan Tarian Tradisional

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Kemarin siang, saya berkunjung ke ITC Mall di Surabaya. Ketika memasuki lantai 1, ada sebuah acara menarik yang digelar oleh pihak manajemen mall tersebut. Acara itu adalah Perayaan Natal. Kegiatan ini tidak bersifat ritual. Yang ada adalah pergelaran tari-tarian tradisional khas Jawa Timur.  Traditional Dance Performance in ITC Mall of Surabaya Pergelaran tari tersebut dihadiri oleh warga masyarakat yang berkunjung ke mall dari berbagai latar belakang budaya dan agama. Meskipun berlangsung sederhana, para penonton nampak gembira menyaksikannya, mereka bertepuk tangan kepada para penari setiap kali mereka menyelesaikan tariannya. Ini adakah bukti bahwa masyarakat Indonesia toleran dengan perbedaan budaya dan agama sekaligus menghargai kemajemukan. English Version Yesterday afternoon, I visited ITC Mall in Surabaya. When I entered the first floor of the shopping center, I saw an interesting event conducted by the management of the mall. It was a Christmas Celebration. However

Becak in the Era of Grab-Bike and Gojek

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Becak (human powered cycle rickshaw) is a mode of transportation that still exists in the era of Gojek and GrabBike. In cities and towns of Java island, becak drivers can still be found pedalling their tricycle taxis usually loaded with 1 or 2 passengers. Sometimes, becak drivers carry goods such as food materials from a traditional market or construction materials from a shop to a nearby housing area.

Persaingan Industri Penerbangan Dunia

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Industri pesawat dunia saat ini masih dikuasai oleh dua perusahaan besar yakni Boeing dari Amerika Serikat, dan Airbus dari Eropa. Kedua perusahaan itu membuat pesawat dalam berbagai jenis dan ukuran. Namun demikian tipe A320 family dan Boeing 737 series adalah yang paling laris di pasaran. Mereka terus mengembangkan pesawat-pesawat tersebut agar lebih ringan, kuat, aman, cepat serta hemat bahan bakar. Pesawat Airbus A320 family milik Air Asia di bandara Sultan Hasanuddin Makassar

Apeng Kwetiau Medan

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There is a famous Chinese food restaurant in Surabaya city. Its name is Apeng Kwetiau Medan located on Jalan Kedungdoro 267 Surabaya. It is always full with customers from morning until night time. The service is fast, and clean but the price is slightly higher than the average price of foods in similar restaurant in town. Rumah Makan Apeng Every day, we can see people queuing outside of the resto waiting for their turn to eat their favorite menus in the restaurant. The employees of the restaurant put plastic seats outside of the resto for people who wait. They also check the number of each group of the visitors so that they can find the most suitable table for their customers. Well, next time if you pass by this city, you can visit Apeng Kwetiau Medan to try some of its delicious foods. Related Posts Ikan Bakar di Ambon Memang Lezat Makanan dengan nutrisi anti-stress Nikmatnya Minum Kopi di Tengah Lautan Dodol Pengana  Lezat dari Minahasa Eat Pay Leave Ubud

Hutan Kota di Surabaya Terbaik di Indonesia

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Sudah beberapa hari ini saya jalan-jalan keliling Surabaya. Ini adalah kota ke- 2 terbesar di Indonesia. Kota pelabuhan, perdagangan, tapi juga disebut kota hijau.

Melihat-lihat Buku di Surabaya

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Tempat-tempat Penjualan Buku di Surabaya Salah satu hobi saya adalah membaca. Ya, setiap hari saya membaca. Sering kali saya membaca e-book memakai tablet Samsung Tab A yang saya miliki tetapi terkadang juga saja membaca buku secara fisik. Kebanyakan buku yang saya baca adalah tentang ekologi, pariwisata, burung, serta teknologi informatika. Ketika saya bepergian ke kota-kota besar, saya akan selalu menyempatkan diri untuk berkunjung ke lapak-lapak penjual buku. Kali ini, saya sedang berlibur di Surabaya dengan keluarga. Saya sudah berada di sini dari tanggal 23 Desember. Saya menjelajah toko-toko buku di Surabaya ini sejak tanggal 24 Desember. Toko Buku TOGAMAS di Jalan Diponegoro, Gramedia di Tunjungan Plaza 1 serta Bazar Buku di Lantai 1 City of Tomorrow Mall sudah saya kunjungi. Hari ini, di pagi hari, saya berkunjung ke toko-toko buku bekas di Jalan Semarang. Ternyata koleksi buku di sini banyak sekali. Saya menemukan beberapa judul menarik yang dijual dengan harga murah.

Menggambar Manusia

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Dalam dunia seni visual, subyek yang sulit digambar adalah manusia. Oleh karena itu, seorang seniman yang ingin menguasai teknik menggambar manusia harus berlatih membuat sketsa sebanyak mungkin. Referens dalam menggambar bisa berasal dari imaginasi, foto di majalah atau model secara langsung. Yang terbaik tentunya adalah menggunakan model secara langsung. Ada seniman yang menggambar mata terlebih dahulu, kemudian menggambar hidung, mulut, rambut, dan selanjutnya ke bagian tubuh lainnya. Ada juga yang mulai menggambar tangan terlebih dahulu kemudian dilanjutkan ke badan, kaki, tangan serta kepala.  Sketsa Manual Wanita dan Laptop Dalam teori menggambar manusia, pada umumnya, seniman menggambar bagian terluar dari keseluruhan tubuh manusia agar proporsinya seimbang dan tata letaknya sesuai dengan yang diharapkan. Setelah gambar tubuh manusia secara garis besar telah dibuat, langkah selanjutnya adalah menggambar secara terperinci bagian wajah, tangan, kaki atau pakaian yang dipa

Burung Surga Merah

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Burung Surga Merah/ Red Bird of Paradise ( Paradisaea rubra ) hidup di hutan hujan tropis Raja Ampat. Perilakunya mirip Burung Surga Kecil/ Cendrawasih Kuning (Paradisaea minor ). Saya sering mengantar wisatawan untuk menonton burung ini di Kepulauan Raja Ampat khususnya di Pulau Waigeo.  Untuk menonton Cendrawasih merah, kita perlu bangun pagi sekali sekitar jam 05.00 Kemudian kita perlu jalan kaki selama kurang lebih 1 jam ke lokasi nonton. Peralatan yang dibawa adalah teropong, dan kamera.  Burung Surga Merah (Paradisaea rubra) Ketika cahaya matahari mulai menerangi kanopi hutan, Burung Surga Merah mulai aktif berkicau. Saat itu yang jantan akan memanggil betina agar mereka bisa mempertontonkan kepiawaian mereka dalam berdansa. Burung-burung jantan akan bersaing merebut hati burung betina supaya diajak kawin.  Rata-rata Burung Surga Merah berdansa dan berkicau hingga jam 09.00 ketika cahaya matahari telah menerangi hutan hujan tropis Waigeo.  Setelah kegiatan menonton C

A Digital Drawing of Male Lesser Birds of Paradise

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I have just checked folders of my wildlife drawings to find any sketches or drawings that I haven't uploaded onto this blog. There are some of them. So, tonight, I upload a digital drawing of a Male Lesser Birds of Paradise ( Paradisaea minor ). This tropical bird lives in lowland and lower montane rainforest of New Guinea. It is a unique forest that is very rich with various species of trees, lianas, flower plants, bamboos and mushrooms. West Papua province of Indonesia where I live, this paradise bird has become an important target of observations among tourists whom I guide in the forest.  Lesser Birds of Paradise (Paradisaea minor) I often organize tours for visitors to rainforest of Klasow valley of Sorong regency Tambrauw Mountains and Susnguakti forest in Manokwari. We spend 3 to 4 days hiking and exploring the forest to see birds, reptiles, insects, and some mammals. There are a lot of birds that we watch including Magnificent Riflebird, King Bird of Paradise, Hoode

Marine Life at Sraoseri Beach of Mansinam Island

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Sraoseri is the name of a beach in Mansinam island of Manokwari city. It is a nice place for tourists who are interested in snorkeling and freediving. Its coral reef is still in pristine condition and is the natural habitat a lot of species of marine animals.  Sraoseri Beach in Mansinam island near Manokwari city

Cendrawasih Kuning

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Ini adalah gambar burung Cendrawasih Kuning (Paradisaea minor) yang hidup di hutan hujan tropis Papua khususnya pada dataran rendah hingga ke kawasan perbukitan. Burung ini karena bulunya yang indah sering dipakai untuk menghiasi berbagai pintu gerbang di kawasan perumahan hingga lukisan dekoratif di rumah-rumah warga. Sejumlah institusi swasta, lembaga adat, gereja dan pemerintah menggunakan lambang atau logo burung Cendrawasih. Ilustrasi Burung Cendrawasih Kuning Burung Cendrawasih Kuning adalah burung surga asli Papua yang memegang peranan penting dalam menjaga keseimbangan ekosistem hutan hujan tropis. Burung ini dan berbagai spesies burung lainnya memakan buah dari pohon-pohon yang ada di hutan kemudian menyebar biji-bijinya ke seluruh penjuru hutan. Saya membuat ilustrasi digital burung Cendrawasih ini menggunakan aplikasi Autodesk Sketchbook. Sebelumnya saya harus membuat sketsanya secara manual dengan menggunakan pensil, crayon warna di atas kertas biasa. Setelah itu, say

Ilustrasi Digital

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Selama ini saya telah membuat berbagai ilustrasi digital berupa burung, ikan, bunga serta manusia menggunakan aplikasi Autodesk Sketchbook. Ilustrasi itu saya tampilkan sebagian di blog ini. Ada juga yang saya muat di Redbubble dan Zazzle. Gambar Burung Cendrawasih Merah Untuk para pembaca di Indonesia, ilustrasi digital yang saya buat sekarang bisa dibeli dalam bentuk t-shirt, mug, tumbler, buku catatan, tas belanja dan serta dompet di website tees. Berikut ini adalah Sketsa Burung Cendrawasih yang ditampilkan lewat screenshot dari produk-produk tersebut. Ilustrasi Digital Burung Surga Nah, para pembaca yang tertarik untuk membelinya, silahkan saja langsung berkunjung ke halaman saya di tees pada link ini: Alam Lestari.

The Sea as The Source of My Art Inspiration

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The sea has always been the source of my art inspiration. I like drawing, watercolour painting, or creating digital illustrations of life at sea from a simple drawing of an outrigger boat to vector illustrations of whalesharks. I try my best to make the artworks as good and as clean as possible so that they will look great when printed on t-shirts, mugs, posters or drawstring bags. In the process of creating my artworks, I use vector drawing software called Inkscape. Now because of the availability of digital drawing application such as Autodesk Sketchbook, I use it more frequently. Art Illustration inspired from the sea Drawing with Autodesk Sketchbook is more intuitive than drawing with vector drawing software such as Inkscape or Adobe Illustrator. However, because they are vector drawing softwares, the illustrations created by them are scalable meaning that they can be enlarged without jeopardizing the quality of the artworks.  I still use Autodesk Sketchbook when

Virgin Coconut Oil

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VCO stands for Virgin Coconut Oil. It is extracted from Coconut Fruit. The process is relatively easy for farmers or people who live in tropical region and who grow coconut trees in their farmlands.  Virgin Coconut Oil

Freediving over Coral Reef

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I like swimming and snorkeling as well as freediving. My main objective when doing freediving is to take pictures of fish and other marine creatures in coral reef area. To do freediving, I wear swim fins, snorkeling mask and snorkel. My usual camera is Fujifilm XQ2 which I put inside its waterproof case. Sometimes I use Nikon Coolpix AW130.  To take pictures underwater, I always try to immerse my body so that I could be on the same eye level with the fish, coral reef or Christmas Tree Worm that I want to shoot.  There are a lot of coral reef sites in West Papua. I freedive in Manokwari, coastal area of Tambrauw, Sorong and Raja Ampat. For me, the best place for marine environment is Raja Ampat. The marine life is abundant and the coral reef is in pristine condition.

Beautiful Fruit Dove

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I often travel to Raja Ampat islands to guide tourists on a birdwatching and snorkeling tour for 3 to 5 days or even more. During the tour, we watch Red Bird of Paradise, Hooded Butcherbird, Eclectus Parrot, Pinon Imperial Pigeon, Claret-breasted Fruit Dove, Beautiful Fruit Dove, and a lot more. I also saw Beautiful Fruit Dove ( Ptilinopus pulchellus ) several times feeding on small berries of a kind of ficus tree. Beautiful Fruit Dove I used to see the same bird in mainland West Papua. This bird lives in lowland and hill forest.  When I accompany tourists on snorkeling tours, we go by motorized boat to islands in Kabui bay, Dampier Strait and northeast coast of Waigeo. We swim over coral reef and see a lot of tropical fish including butterflyfish, wrasse, parrotfish, and a lot more. Also read: Digital Drawing of Male Lesser Birds of Paradise Brown Cuckoo Dove Pigeons and Fruit Doves in West Papua's Forest

Magnificent Riflebird Dances Like a Cheerleader

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If Western Parotia dances like a ballerina, the Magnificent Riflebird dances like a cheerleader. A Male Magnificent Riflebird ( Ptiloris magnificus )

Exploring the Natural Beauty of West Papua

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Papua Barat, also called West Papua, is a very beautiful tourist destination. It attracts the attention of marine scientists because it has got the highest marine biodiversity in the world. There are thousands of species of marine animals in this region. Most of the land of West Papua is covered by tropical rainforest that is the habitat of birds of paradise, cuscus possum, colorful butterflies, and unique reptiles. Because I work as a tourist guide, I have visited a lot of places in this province appreciating its beautiful and pristine coral reef and forest. Trekking in Susnguakti forest Natural Beauty of West Papua I usually bring digital camera with telephoto lens when I guide tourists in the forest. Canon 200D, en entry level D-SLR camera, and Tamron 150-600mm have been my photographic devices for nearly 2 years now. To watch tropical birds in high trees, I use a pair of Visionking 10×42mm binoculars. When I guide tourists, I bring my spotting scope Kinglux 20-60×60mm that i

West Papua A Little Heaven on Earth

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I made a collage of pictures about what I do to make a living yesterday. But I did not arrange pictures of me doing somehing. I only wanted to show to people the vocal points. I am a tourist guide. I organize tours in the forest for people to see tropical birds. One of them that has become the main target of observation is Lesser Birds of Paradise ( Paradisaea minor ). Locally, it is called Burung Cendrawasih. So, I arrange the picture of this beautiful bird on top of the collage. While traveling in the forest with tourists, I see unique tropical plants. There are big trees, shrub plants, lianas, but there are also small plants. The next photograph that I put in the collage is a small plant - terrestrial orchid flower. Natural Attractions of West Papua's rainforest and coral reef Besides guiding tourists in the forest, I also guide tourists swimming and snorkeling at sea. So, I put a picture of Blue Sea Star. Well, that's some of the attractions that I and my clients see

Secluded Beach

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Raja Ampat islands are famous for their beautiful sceneries both above and under the water. These tropical islands attract tens of thousands of visitors every year. Most of them travel to Raja Ampat to enjoy swimming, snorkeling, scuba diving or sunbathing at white sandy beaches. They stay in nice beach resorts, or homestays. But there are also people who are interested in exploring more remote islands whose beaches are secluded and whose coral reefs are in pristine conditions. The followings are some of them: Isanak Beach - This beach is located in Waim - a small uninhabited island in the east of Raja Ampat. A Secluded Beach in Raja Ampat Waim island This tropical island is surrounded by coral reef. So, it is very nice to enjoy swimming and snorkeling at this beach.

Kofiau

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Kofiau is the name of a group of islands in south-west region of Raja Ampat. Because of its remote location, very few tourists have visited it. To the west of Kofiau, there is another group of islands called Boo. It is surrounded by coral reef. During diving season (October to June), some liveaboard ships go to Kofiau. There are tourists in the liveaboard ships who want to enjoy scubadiving in Kofiau.  Deer village in Kofiau islands of Raja Ampat People can visit these islands by taking sea tour by a motorized boat. Every week, there are passenger ferries that connect Kofiau and Sorong city. Travelers who want to visit Kofiau can go to Pelabuhan Rakyat or Pelabuhan Pelni to check for ships and their departure schedules to Kofiau. There are some villages in Kofiau islands. Most of the islanders work as fishermen. However, they do not have modern cold storage that can preserve their daily catch before it can be shipped to Sorong city. As a result, they could only sell the fi

Coastal Birds in Raja Ampat

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The tropical beaches of Waigeo are getting famous as tourist destination. Visitors travel from Europe, North America, Australia, and Asian countries to enjoy their holiday here in Waigeo island. There are beach resorts and homestays that visitors can choose to stay to enjoy swimming, snorkeling, scubadiving, and sunbathing.  Beach Kingfisher There are also tourists who travel to Raja Ampat to enjoy birding. There are a lot of coastal birds which they can watch. As a tourist guide, I have organized birding tours for visitors who want to see coastal birds such as Crested Tern, Willie Wagtail, Spice Imperial Pigeon, Beach Kingfisher , Lesser Frigatebird, Striated Heron, Eastern Reef Egret, Pacific Swallow, Torresian Crow, Radjah Shelduck, White-bellied Sea Eagle, Beach-stoned Curlew, Singing Starling, White-breasted Woodswallow, Wimbrel, Plover, Moustached Treeswift, Eastern Osprey, and etc.